From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
- April 3 - The Pony Express makes its first run.
- Victor Emmanuel, king of Sardinia seizes the whole of the Papal States besides Rome (see Vatican City) and unites Italy.
- Robert Wilhelm Bunsen discovers Cesium and Rubidium (see Discovery of the chemical elements)
- September 7 - Lady Elgin is accidentally rammed and sunk in Lake Michigan, hundreds drown.
- October - John Hanning Speke and James Augustus Grant leave Zanzibar to search for source of the Nile.
- November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1860: Abraham Lincoln beats John C. Breckinridge and is elected as the 16th President of the United States, the first Republican to hold that office.
- December 29 - The first British seagoing ironclad warship, the HMS Warrior is launched.
- Vladivostok, Russia is founded.
Year in topic
- January 1 - George Washington Carver, educator, activist, botanist
- January 11 - Marie Bashkirtseff, artist
- January 25 - Charles Curtis, American vice-president (+ 1936)
- January 29 - William Jacob Baer, American painter (+ 1941)
- January 29 - Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright and short story writer (+ 1904)
- February 11 - Rachilde (Marguerite Vallette-Eymery), French author
- February 29 - Herman Hollerith, inventor of the first electric tabulating machine.
- March 13 - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer
- March 19 - William Jennings Bryan, American politician
- May 9 - J. M. Barrie, author (+ 1937)
- May 25 - James McKeen Cattell, first professor of psychology in U.S.
- May 29 - Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer
- July 3 - Charlotte Perkins Gilman, feminist writer (+ 1935)
- July 7 - Gustav Mahler, composer
- July 19 - Lizzie Borden, murder suspect
- September 13 - John Pershing, American general
- John Coughlin, Chicago alderman
- Frederick George Jackson, British Arctic explorer (+ 1938)
- Albert Giraud, Belgian poet (+ 1929)
- Lancelot Speed, illustrator (+ 1931)