From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
This is a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). It has a Golden number of 1.
Beginning of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995-2005): http://www.unesco.org/culture/indigenous/
- January 1 - Austria, Finland and Sweden enter the European Union
- January 1 - World Trade Organization is established to replace GATT
- January 6-7 - A chemical fire occurs in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines. Policemen led by watch commander Aida Fariscal and investigators find a bomb factory and a laptop computer and disks that contain plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack. The mastermind, Ramzi Yousef, was arrested one month later. His friend Khalid Sheik Mohammed would not be arrested until 2003.
- January 9 - Valeri Poliakov completes 366 days in space while aboard the Mir space station breaking a duration record.
- January 12 - Malcolm X's daughter, Qubilah Shabazz, is arrested for conspiring to kill Louis Farrakhan
- January 17 - A magnitude 7.2 earthquake occurred near Kobe, Japan, causing great property damage and killing over 5,000.
- January 18 - In southern France near Vallon-Pont-d'Arc a network of caves are discovered that contain paintings and engravings that are 17,000 to 20,000 years old.
- January 21-22 - Would have been the dates which Phase I of Project Bojinka, an Al Qaeda plan, would have been implemented. If the plan hadn't been exposed in Manila, Philippines, 11 jetliners would have exploded over the Pacific Ocean on those two days.
- January 22 - Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In central Israel, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
- January 24 - The prosecution delivers its opening statement in the O. J. Simpson murder trial.
- January 25 - World War III: Russia almost launches a nuclear attack after a Norwegian missile launch for scientific research is detected and thought to be an attack on Russia. Norway had notified the world that it would be making the launch, but the Russian Defense Ministry had neglected to notify those monitoring Russia's nuclear defense systems.
- January 30 - Workers from the National Institutes of Health announce the success of clinical trials testing the first preventative treatment for sickle cell anaemia.
- January 31 - President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.
- February 15 - Hacking: Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the FBI and charged him with breaking into some of the United States' most "secure" computers systems.
- February 17 - Colin Ferguson is convicted of six counts of murder for the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings and later receives a 200+ year sentence.
- February 21 - Steve Fossett lands in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada becoming the first person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon.
- February 26 - United Kingdom's oldest investment banking firm, Barings PLC collapses after a securities broker lost $1.4 billion by gambling on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
- March 2 - In Moscow, Russian anti-corruption journalist Vladislav Listyev is killed by a gunman.
- March 2 - Nick Leeson is arrested for his role in the collapse of Barings Bank.
- March 3 - In Somalia, the United Nations peacekeeping mission ends.
- March 14 - Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle.
- March 20 - Terrorist incident: Members of the Aum Supreme Truth release sarin gas in the Tokyo on five separate subway trains killing 12 and injuring around 5,500; see: Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway
- March 22 - Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov returns after setting a record for 438 days in space.
- April 19 - Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma city was bombed. 168 people, including 8 Federal Marshals, were killed.
- May 11 - In New York City, more than 170 countries decide to extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions.
- May 14 - The Dalai Lama proclaims 6-year-old Gedhun Choekyi Nyima as the eleventh reincarnation of the Panchen Lama.
- May 17 - Jacques Chirac assumes the presidency of France
- May 23 - The Java programming language was announced to the world.
- May 23 - Oklahoma City bombing: In Oklahoma City the remains of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building are imploded.
- May 27 - In Charlottesville, Virginia, actor Christopher Reeve is paralyzed from the neck down after falling from his horse in a riding competition.
- May 28 - Neftegorsk, Russia is hit by a 7.6 magnitude earthquake killing at least 2000 people (2/3rd of the towns population).
- June 2 - Captain Scott O'Grady of the U.S. Air Force is shotdown while flying a routine sortie over war-torn Bosnia. O'Grady survives on bugs and grass until he is rescued.
- June 8 - Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued in Bosnia.
- July 17 - The Nasdaq stock index closes above the 1,000 mark for the first time.
- Summer - Iraq disarmament crisis: According to UNSCOM, the unity of the UN Security Council begins to fray, as a few countries, particularly France and Russia, are starting to become increasingly more interested in making financial deals with Iraq than disarming the country.
- July 1 - Iraq disarmament crisis: In response to UNSCOM's evidence, Iraq admits for first time the existence of an offensive biological weapons program, but denies weaponization.
- July - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq threatens to end all cooperation with UNSCOM and IAEA, if sanctions against the country are not lifted by August 31, 1995
- July 27 - In Washington, DC, the Korean War Veterans Memorial is dedicated.
- July 28 - Network Solutions announces a new policy to help companies protect their trademarks on the Internet.
- August - Iraq disarmament crisis: Following the defection of his son-in-law, Hussein Kamil al Majid, minister of industry and military industrialisation, Saddam Hussein makes new revelations about the full extent of Iraq's biological and nuclear weapons programs. Iraq also withdraws its last UN declaration of prohibited biological weapons and turns over a large amount of new documents on its WMD programs.
- September 2 - Rock and Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland, Ohio.
- September 4 - The Fourth World Conference on Women opens in Beijing with over 4,750 delegates from 181 countries in attendance.
- September 6 - With the jury absent, Los Angeles police detective Mark Fuhrman invokes his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination in the murder trial of O. J. Simpson.
- September 8 - Timon And Pumbaa Launches On the major television networks
- October 4 - O. J. Simpson is found innocent. (He would be found liable in a second civil trial in 1996)
- October 30 - Quebec separatists narrowly lose a referendum for a mandate to neogiate independence from Canada
- November 3 - At Arlington National Cemetery, US President Bill Clinton dedicates a memorial to the victims of the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing.
- November 4 - After attending a peace rally in Tel Aviv's Kings Square, Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is mortally wounded by a right-wing Israelis gunman (he later died on the operating table at Ichilov Hospital in Tel Aviv).
- November 10 - Iraq disarmament crisis: With help from Israel and Jordan, UN inspector Ritter intercepts 240 Russian gyroscopes and accelerometers on their way to Iraq from Russia.
- November 10 - In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop) are hanged by government forces.
- November 14 - A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the United States Congress forces the federal government to temporarily close national parks and museums and run most government offices with skeleton staff.
- November 17 - Public Radio International's radio program This American Life broadcasts its first episode, "New Beginnings"
- November 21 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 5,000 (5,023.55) for the first time.
- November 28 - US President Bill Clinton signs a highway bill that ends the federal 55 mph speed limit.
- December 16 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraqi scuba divers, under the direction of UNSCOM, dredge the Tigris River near Baghdad. The divers find over 200 prohibited Russian made missile instruments and components.
- December 28 - CompuServe sets a precedent by blocking access to sex-oriented newsgroups after being pressured by German prosecutors.
- December 31 - The publication of the last new Calvin and Hobbes cartoon strip.
- The Ebola virus kills 244 Africans in Kikwit, Zaire in Central Africa.
- 10 people are found guilty for bombing the World Trade Center in 1994.
- Dr. Bernard A. Harris, Jr makes history as the first African American astronaut to walk in space.
Year in topic
- 1995 in film
- 1995 in literature
- Germany Unified and Europe Transformed: A Study in Statecraft Rice & Zelikow
- 1995 in music
- 1995 in sports
- January 29 - Super Bowl XXIX San Francisco 49ers (49) def. San Diego Chargers (26)
- February 11 -
- Danyon Loader swims world record 400 meters freestyle.
- Mark Foster swims world record 50 meters butterfly.
- Sandra Volker swims European record 50 meters backstroke.
- US male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge.
- 1995 in television