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Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC
Events and Trends
- After severe losses, Roman determination kept them fighting in the Second Punic War against Hannibal. As a result, they wore down Carthaginian forces in Spain and Sicily, then launched a series of raids across the Mediterranean Sea that forced Hannibal to withdraw back to northern Africa, where he was at last decisively defeated in the Battle of Zama.