From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Amur (Chinese: Heilong Jiang 黑龙江 or 黑龍江, literal meaning: "Black Dragon River", Manchu: Sahaliyan Ula, literal meaning: "Black River") is one of the world's ten largest rivers.
Flowing in northeast Asia for over 4400 km (2,700 mi) from the mountains of northeastern China, to the Sea of Okhotsk (near Nikolayevsk-na-Amure), it drains a remarkable watershed that includes diverse landscapes of desert, steppe, tundra, and taiga from East-North Asia.
The Amur proper is the 2,874 km after the junction of two rivers:
- North: the Shilka (Shileke 石勒喀河), originating from the eastern slope of the Kente Mountain (肯特山) in Mongolia.
- South: the Argun (Erguna 額爾古納河), originating on the western slope of the Daxing'an Range (大興安嶺) in northeastern China.
Major tributaries are:
- the Songhua,
- the Zeya (結雅河),
- the Ussuri (烏蘇里江), and
- the Bureya (布列亞河)
- South bank (China)
- North bank (Russia)
See also: Geography of China