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  Wikipedia: Cameroon

Wikipedia: Cameroon
Cameroon
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The United Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of an ethnic oligarchy. The capital is Yaounde.

Republique Unie du Cameroun
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Paix, Travail, Patrie
(French: Peace, Work, Fatherland)
Official languagesEnglish, and French
CapitalYaounde
Largest CityDouala
PresidentPaul Biya
Prime MinisterPeter Mafnay Musonge
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 52nd
475,440 km²
1.3%
Population
 - Total (2003)
 - Density
Ranked 60th
15,746,179
34/km²
Independence
 - Date
From France
January 1, 1960
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)
Time zone UTC+1
National anthem Chant de Ralliement (The Rallying Song)
Internet TLD.cm
Calling Code237

History

Main article: History of Cameroon

The first inhabitants of Cameroon were the pygmy Baka tribes. The Bantu language originated in the highlands of Cameroon, but may of it's speakers moved out before foreign invaders came into the nation.

The first European contact was in the 1500s with the Portugese, but they would not stay. The first permanent settelements were started in the late 1870s, with Germany emerging as the major European Power. After World War I though, the country would be split by Britain and France.

In 1961 the French and British portions of Cameroon were united, the French portion having gained independence a year earlier. The new coalition government was led by Ahmadou Ahidjo who led a crack down on rebel groups who had remained since before independence.

Ahidjo stepped down in 1982 and was suceeded by the current president, Paul Biya. Biya has won numerous elections, but the fairness of these elections has been questioned. The latest elections were in 1997.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Cameroon

The President of Cameroon holds executive power in the government of Cameroon. This provision was part of the reforms instituted in 1996 to the Constitution, that had been originally written in 1972. The President is given a broad range of powers, and is able to carry them out without consulting the National Assembly.

The National Assembly consists of 180 delegates and meets three times a year. The main responsibility of the Assembly is to pass laws, rarely has it changed any laws or blocked the passage of legislation.

The judiciary is subordinate to the executive branch's Ministry of Justice. The Supreme Court may review the constitutionality of a law only at the president's request.

Provinces

Main article:
Provinces of Cameroon

Cameroon is divided into 10 provinces:

  • Adamaoua
  • Centre Province
  • Est Province
  • Extreme-Nord Province
  • Littoral
  • Nord Province
  • Nord-Ouest Province
  • Ouest Province
  • Sud Province
  • Sud-Ouest Province.

Geography

Main article: Geography of Cameroon

Economy

Main article: Economy of Cameroon

Demographics

Main article:
Demographics of Cameroon

Culture

Main article: Culture of Cameroon

Holidays
DateEnglish Name
January 1New Year's Day and Independence Day
May 1Labor Day
May 20National Day
May 21Sheep Festival
August 15Assumption
December 25Christmas

In addition, movable holidays include: Christian: Good Friday, [[Easter Sunday, and Easter Monday Muslim: 'Id al-Fitr and 'Id al-Adha

See also: Music of Cameroon

Education

Main article: Education in Cameroon

Miscellaneous topics

External links


Countries of the world  |  Africa


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona