From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Cháng Jiāng (Traditional Chinese: "長江", Simplified Chinese:"长江", lit. "Long River") is the longest river in Asia and the third longest in the world after the Amazon in South America and the Nile in Africa. The river is about 6,380 km long. It has traditionally been considered a dividing point between north China and south China, although Huai He also shares the claim.
The river is also called Yangtze River (楊子江, Yángzǐ Jiāng or Yangtze Kiang). The name "Yangzi" was originally used by local people only to refer to the lower reaches of the river. However, because this was the name first heard by missionaries, it has been applied in English to the entire river.
The Chang Jiang flows into the East China Sea. As of June 2003 the Three Gorges Dam now spans the river, flooding Fengjie, the first of a number of towns affected by the massive flood control and power generation project. The project is the largest comprehensive irrigation project in the world. It will free people living along the river from floods that have repeatedly threatened them in the past, and will also offer them electricity and water transport -- though at the expense of permanently flooding many existing towns and causing large-scale changes in local ecology.
Chang Jiang (Cantonese: Cheung Kong), named after this river, is also the name of the holding company controlled by Li Ka-Shing, one of Asia's richest tycoons.