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  Wikipedia: Douglas Adams

Wikipedia: Douglas Adams
Douglas Adams
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Douglas NoŽl Adams (March 11, 1952 - May 11, 2001) or DNA, was a British comic author, most notably the author of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (HHGG).

Education and early works

Adams was born in Cambridge and educated at Brentwood School, Essex where he became friends with Griff Rhys Jones. Adams attended St John's College, Cambridge, and worked with Rhys Jones in the Cambridge University Footlights Dramatic Club. In 1974, Adams received a BA (and later, an MA) in English literature.

An autobiography from an early edition of one of the HHGG novels provided the following description of his early career:

After graduation he spent several years contributing material to radio and television shows as well as writing, performing, and sometimes directing stage revues in London, Cambridge, and on the Edinburgh Fringe. He has also worked at various times as a hospital porter, barn builder, chicken shed cleaner, bodyguard, radio producer, and script editor of Doctor Who.

Douglas worked with Graham Chapman of Monty Python fame, and has a writing credit in one episode (episode 45: "Party Political Broadcast on Behalf of the Liberal Party") of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

Adams subsequently worked as a script editor of the BBC Television programme Doctor Who and wrote three serials for that series:

Between 1978 and 1984, Douglas Adams and John Lloyd together wrote the script for two half hour episodes of Doctor Snuggles called "Dr Snuggles and the Nervous River".

HHGG

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy was originally a twelve-"fit" (i.e. twelve-part) radio series broadcast in the UK by BBC Radio 4 in 1978. The radio programme served as the basis for the first two novels of what eventually became a "trilogy in five parts". It was also the basis for a six-part BBC television series in 1981.

Adams was never a prolific writer and usually had to be forced by others to do any writing. This included being locked in a hotel suite with his editor for a sizable period of time to ensure that So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish was completed. He has been quoted as saying, "I love deadlines, especially the whooshing sound they make as they go by."

Plans to make HHGG into a major motion picture were in the works for more than twenty years, and were finally freed from development hell in late September 2003. Although Austin Powers director Jay Roach was at one time signed on to the project, the Hammer and Tongs duo, Garth Jennings and Nick Goldsmith, got the responsibility. Key to the go-ahead was a rewrite of the screenplay by Karey Kirkpatrick, who had earlier worked on Chicken Run. Shooting is scheduled to begin in spring 2004, with Robbie Stamp, Douglas' friend and business partner, as an Executive Producer, and Walt Disney Pictures as distributors. Adams once described the Hollywood process as "trying to grill a steak by having a succession of people come into the room and breathe on it."

HHGG includes insights from science which show Douglas' interest in various aspects of science and in some ways perhaps even foreseeing them. For instance, the robot Marvin is probably inspired by Marvin Minsky. The idea that all life and the planet can be considered as a gigantic computer is another remarkable idea. For instance, Leonard Adleman has shown how DNA can be used for computing. All evolution can be seen as a way of solving a problem.

Computer games and projects

Douglas Adams created an interactive fiction version of HHGG together with Steve Meretzky from Infocom in 1984. Later he was also involved in creating Bureaucracy (also by Infocom, but not based on any book). Adams was also responsible for the computer game Starship Titanic, which was published in 1999 by Simon and Schuster. The accompanying book, entitled Douglas Adams's Starship Titanic, was written by Terry Jones, since Adams was too busy with the computer game to do both. In April 1999, Adams initiated the H2G2 collaborative writing project.

Environmentalism

Adams was also an environmental activist who campaigned on behalf of a number of endangered species. This activism included the production of the non-fiction radio series Last Chance to See, in which he and naturalist Mark Cawardine visited rare species such as the kakapo, and the publication of a tie-in book of the same name.

Untimely death

Adams died of a heart attack at the age of 49, while working out at his gym in Santa Barbara, California. He was survived by his wife Jane and daughter Polly. In May 2002, The Salmon of Doubt was published, which includes many short stories, essays, and letters, and eulogies from Richard Dawkins and Stephen Fry. It also includes eleven chapters of his unfinished novel, The Salmon of Doubt, which was to be a new Dirk Gently novel.

Biographies

His official biography, Wish You Were Here, by Nick Webb, was published on October 6, 2003 (ISBN 0755311558) - [1]. The book shares its name with a song by Pink Floyd, a band with whose guitarist, David Gilmour, Adams was friendly. Adams was invited to make a guest appearance at a 1994 Pink Floyd concert in London, as a birthday gift.

Another recent biography is Hitchhiker: a Biography of Douglas Adams (2003) by M. J. Simpson, with a foreword by John Lloyd (ISBN 0340824883).

Upon the mutual discovery that Webb and Simpson were both working on new posthumous biographies, the two authors agreed that the former would focus on Adams' life and personality, and the latter on his work.

Earlier biographies include:

  • Don't Panic (1988, 1993, 2003), Neil Gaiman et al. Reissued October 2003 (ISBN 1840237422) with new chapters by M. J. Simpson and David K. Dickson.
  • The Unofficial Guide to the Hitchhiker's Guide (2001), , M. J. Simpson. Published as The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide (2001) in the U.K.

Douglas Adams' works

Novels in the HHGG series

All of the above, are also available as audio books, read by Adams.

The Dirk Gently series

Other works

Tributes and honorifics

External links


  

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