From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The World Cup is the most important competition in international football (soccer). Organised by FIFA, the sport's governing body, the World Cup finals tournament is the most widely-viewed and followed sporting event in the world, bigger than the Olympic Games.
The finals tournament is held every four years, but the World Cup competition itself takes place over a two year period. Over 160 national teams compete in regional qualifying tournaments for a place in the finals. The finals tournament now involves 32 national teams (increased from 24 in 1998) competing over a 4 week period in a previously nominated host nation. A recent innovation has allowed more than one country to act as joint hosts.
In 1970, Brazil's third victory in the tournament entitled them to keep the Jules Rimet trophy. A new trophy was then designed. Argentina, Germany (both times as West Germany), and Brazil have all won the second trophy twice. However, the current trophy will not be retired until the name plaque has been entirely filled with the names of winning nations. This will not happen until 2038.
Brazil, by a clear margin, are the most successful World Cup team overall, having won the tournament five times in total and finished as runners-up twice. Germany, three-time winners (as West Germany) and four-time runners-up (three times as West Germany), are next, while Italy have also won three trophies. Argentina and Uruguay are both two-time World Champions, although Uruguay's two successes came rather a long time ago, in the early years of the tournament.
|Year||Host||Winner||Runner up||Score||3rd Place||4th Place||Score|
|1930||Uruguay||Uruguay||Argentina||4-2||USA & Yugoslavia||-----none-----||n/a|
|1974||West Germany||West Germany||Netherlands||2-1||Poland||Brazil||1-0|
|1994||United States||Brazil||Italy||0-0(pen 3-2)||Sweden||Bulgaria||4-0|
|2002||S. Korea & Japan||Brazil||Germany||2-0||Turkey||South Korea||3-2|
1 There was no official World Cup final match in 1950, however Uruguay's 2-1 defeat of Brazil put them ahead on points and ensured that they won the tournament.
2 For the 2010 World Cup; FIFA are only accepting bids from African nations. So far Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa and Tunisia have shown an interest in hosting the competition.
See also: FIFA Women's World Cup