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Gododdin was the kingdom of the Votadini, a British tribe. The poem Y Gododdin by the bard Aneirin, written in Brythonic (a medieval Celtic language closely akin to Welsh) tells the tale of the last days of Gododdin in its fatal struggle with Bernicia near the end of the 7th Century (c. AD 600). After the conquest of Gododdin its capital, Dunedin, was renamed Edinburgh.
From the Gododdin comes the line translated into English as Men went to Cattraeth.