From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Himalayas (the Himalayan Range) are a mountain range in Asia, separating India and Pakistan on the south and southwest from the vast Tibetan plateau (occupied by China) on the north. Nepal and Bhutan are sovereign nations in the southern foothills. The Himalayas connect with the Hindu Kush mountain range in Afghanistan. The word Himalaya is of Sanskrit origin and means abode of snow.
According to plate tectonics, the Himalayas are the result of a convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian and Eurasian Plates. The continued movement of these plates means the Himalayas are still growing in size. Geologists believe that the Himalayas would rise at the rate of about 8 to 10 centimeters per year if plate tectonics were the only factor. There are also, however, forces of erosion which are wearing the mountains down. The approximate net growth of the Himalayas amounts to 2.5 to 5 centimeters per century.