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Iannis Xenakis (May 29, 1922 - February 4, 2001) was a Greek composer who spent much of his life in France.
He was born in Iasi, Romania and studied architecture in Athens, Greece. Xenakis participated in the Greek Resistance during the World War II and the first phase of Greek Civil War as a member of the students company Lord Byron of ELAS (Greek Peoples Liberation Army). While assistant of Le Corbusier, who had other engagments, Xenakis designed the Philips Pavilion, home of the the premier of Edgard Varese's Poeme Electronique at the 1958 Brussels International Fair. He is particularly remembered for his pioneering electronic and computer music, and for the use of stochastic mathematical techniques, including probability, game theory, group theory, set theory, and Boolean algebra, in his compositions. In keeping with his use of probablistic theories, many of Xenakis' pieces are, in his own words, "a form of composition which is not the object in itself, but an idea in itself, that is to say, the beginnings of a family of compositions."
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