From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with compounds where elements other than carbon play an important role. The chemistry of compounds based upon carbon is known as organic chemistry, although the two disciplines frequently overlap, most notably in the field of organometallic chemistry.
Major branches of inorganic chemistry include
- Minerals, such as salt, asbestos, silicates, , ...
- Metals and their alloys, like iron, copper, aluminum, brass, bronze, ...
- Compounds involving non-metallic elements, like silicon, phosphorus, ,chlorine, oxygen, for example water
- Metal complexes
Organometallic chemistry combines aspects of organic chemistry with inorganic chemistry, and is formally defined as the study of organic compounds containing metal-carbon bonds, although many "organometallic compounds" contain no such bonds. Vitamin B12, whose active site is similar to that of haemoglobin, is a naturally-occurring, metabolically-important organometallic compound containing a large organic components (corrin and protein), a metal (cobalt), a bond between the metal and the carbon of a methyl group.
Much of inorganic chemistry deals with molecular compounds, i.e many inorganic materials have a structure that can be described in terms of molecules but many others do not. The study of such solids is called solid state chemistry.