From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The Ojibwa or Chippewa (also "Anishinabe", "Anishaabe", "Ojibwe", "Ojibway", "Chippeway") are the third-largest group of Native Americans in the United States, surpassed only by the Cherokee and Navajo. They number over 100,000 living in an area stretching across the north from Michigan to Montana. Another 76,000, in 125 bands, live in Canada. They are known for their canoes and wild rice, and for the fact that they were the only Indian nation to defeat the Sioux." 
The Ojibwa belong to the Algonquian linguistic group. When first encountered by Europeans in the 17th century, they mostly lived around shores of Lake Superior. Warring with the Dakota and the Fox, and newly armed by the French, they drove the Fox from northern Wisconsin and pushed the Dakota across the Mississippi. Eventually the Ojibwa reached the Turtle Mountains of North Dakota, and became known as the Plains Ojibwa.
They also expanded eastward, fighting with the Iroquois and taking over the lands alongside the eastern shore of Lake Huron. The Ojibwa allied themselves with the French in the French and Indian War, and with the British in the War of 1812.
Most Ojibwa, except for the Plains bands, lived a sedentary lifestyle, engaging in fishing, hunting, the farming of maize and squash, and the harvesting of Manoomin (wild rice). Their typical dwelling was the waaginogan, made of birch bark, cedar bark and willow saplings. They also developed a form of pictorial writing used in religious rites of the Midewin and recorded on birch bark scrolls.
The Ojibwe people and culture are alive and growing today. During the summer months, the people attend pow-wows or "pau waus" at various reservations in the US and reserves in Canada. Many people still follow the traditional ways of harvesting wild rice, picking berries, hunting and making maple sugar.
- Bad River Band of Chippewa Indians
- Bois Fort Band of Chippewa Indians
- Fond du Lac Band of Chippewa
- Grand Portage Band of Chippewa
- Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Chippewa Indians
- Leech Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
- Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe
- Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
- Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians
- Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians
- White Earth Band of Chippewa
- F. Densmore, Chippewa Customs (1929, repr. 1970)
- H. Hickerson, The Chippewa and Their Neighbors (1970)
- R. Landes, Ojibwa Sociology (1937, repr. 1969)
- R. Landes, Ojibwa Woman (1938, repr. 1971)