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  Wikipedia: Peru

Wikipedia: Peru
Peru
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Alternate uses: Peru (disambiguation)

Peru is a country of western South America, bordering the south Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.

República del Perú
coat of arms
(In Detail)
National motto: Libertad y Orden
(Spanish; "Liberty and Order")
Official language Spanish
Capital Lima
President Alejandro Toledo Manrique
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 19th
1,285,220 km²
8.8%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 39th
27,949,639
22/km²
Independence
 - Date
From Spain
July 28, 1822
Currency Sol
Time zone UTC -5
National anthem Somos libres, seámoslo siempre
(We Are Free, Let Us Remain So Forever)
Internet TLD .PE
Calling Code51

History

Main article: History of Peru

Before the Spanish arrived, Peru was home to the Incan Empire. This was conquered by the 1840s and Peru became a Viceroyalty and a major source of gold and silver for the Spanish Empire. Peru declared independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Peru

The current president is Alejandro Toledo, leader of Perú Posible. This governing party is, with 45 seats, the largest in the 120-seat parliament.

The second and third largest parties are in opposition; respectively Partido Aprista Peruano (short: Apra, 28 seats) and Lourdes Flores Nano led Unidad Nacional (17 seats).

Departments

Main article: Departments of Peru

Peru is divided into 24 departments and one constitutional province, Callao. The departments are

Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca,Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, and Ucayali.

Geography

Main article: Geography of Peru

Peru is located in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador. It also shares borders with Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia.

The western coastal plains (costa) are seperated from the eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva) by the high and rugged Andes in center (sierra). On the border with Bolivia lies Lake Titicaca, the worlds highest navigable lake at 3821 [Metre|m].

Economy

Main article: Economy of Peru

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Peru

Culture

Main article: Culture of Peru

Holidays
DateEnglishLocal nameRemarks
January 1New Year's DayAño Nuevo
March-AprilHoly WeekSemana SantaTwo days, working holiday
May 1May Day, Labour DayDía del Trabajo
July 28Saint Peter and Saint PaulSan Pedro y San Pablo
July 28-July 29Peruvian Independence DayDía de la Independencia del Perú
August 30Saint Rose of LimaSanta Rosa de Lima
October 8Battle of AngamosCombate de Angamos
November 1All Saints DayDía de Todos Los Santos
December 8Day of the Immaculate ConceptionDía de la Inmaculada Concepción
December 25ChristmasNavidad

International rankings

Miscellaneous topics


Countries of the world  |  South America
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona