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  Wikipedia: Philosopher

Wikipedia: Philosopher
Philosopher
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

A person devoted to and producing results in philosophy.

Western philosophers in (approximate) historical order

The Presocratics -- Socrates -- Plato -- Aristotle -- Epicurus -- Hellenistic Philosophy -- Avicenna -- Rhazes --Cicero -- Augustine of Hippo -- Anselm -- Aquinas -- William of Ockham -- Francis Bacon -- Sir Thomas Browne--Thomas Hobbes -- RenÚ Descartes -- Nicolas Malebranche -- Baruch Spinoza -- Gottfried Leibniz -- Blaise Pascal -- John Locke -- George Berkeley -- David Hume -- Thomas Reid -- Dugald Stewart -- Jean Jacques Rousseau -- Charl du Montesquieu -- Voltaire -- Immanuel Kant -- Gottlieb Fichte -- Georg Hegel -- James Mill -- John Stuart Mill -- Karl Marx -- Arthur Schopenhauer -- S°ren Kierkegaard -- Friedrich Nietzsche -- Gottlob Frege -- Rudolf Steiner -- Albert Schweizer -- Bertrand Russell -- Alfred North Whitehead -- Karl Popper -- -- G. E. Moore -- Ludwig Wittgenstein -- Rudolph Carnap -- Jean-Paul Sartre -- Albert Camus -- Georg Henrik von Wright -- Mortimer Adler -- W. V. O. Quine -- Nelson Goodman -- Imre Lakatos -- Paul Feyerabend -- Mario Bunge -- Douglas Hofstadter -- Daniel Dennett -- Pierre Teilhard de Chardin -- Simon Blackburn

Eastern philosophers in approximate historical order:

Gautama Buddha -- Confucius -- Lao Zi -- Mencius -- Zhuang Zi -- Xun Zi -- Bodhidharma -- Dogen -- Zhu Xi -- Feng Yulan

Philosophers: listed by philosophical school

See Philosophical Movements.

Nicknames of Medieval Philosophers

Several medieval philosophers have been given Latin nicknames by historians. For example:
  • Francis Mayron - Doctor acutus, the acute doctor, or Doctor illuminatus
  • St. Thomas Aquinas - Doctor Angelicus, the angelic doctor, or Doctor Communis
  • William of Ockham - Doctor Invincibilis
  • Alexander of Hales - Doctor Irrefragibilis
  • Roger Bacon - Doctor Mirabilis, the wonderful doctor
  • John Bassol - Doctor Ordinatissimus, the most methodical doctor
  • St. Bonaventure - Doctor Seraphicus
  • Henry Goethals (Hendricus Bonicollius) - Doctor Solemnis, the solemn doctor
  • Richard Middleton - the solid doctor, or the profound doctor
  • Duns Scotus - Doctor Subtilis, the discriminating doctor, or Doctor Marianus
  • Albertus Magnus - Doctor Universalis
  • Durandus de Sancto Portiano - the most resolute doctor
  • Thomas Bradwardine - the profound doctor
  • Jean Ruysbroeck (Joannes Ruysbrokius) - the divine doctor

See Also: Philosophy, Eastern philosophy, Epistemology, Ethics, Metaphysics, Aesthetics, Ontology, Reason, Mathematicians, Scientists, List of philosophers


The Philosopher is also the nickname of Joseph Haydn's Symphony No. 22.


  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
Modified by Geona