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  Wikipedia: Yale University

Wikipedia: Yale University
Yale University
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses of the name "Yale," see Yale (disambiguation).

Yale University is a private research university in New Haven, Connecticut and is one of the eight members of the Ivy League. Founded in 1701, Yale is the third oldest American collegiate institution and is well accepted as one of the most prestigious universities in the world. With over 11 billion dollars in endowment, Yale is also the second wealthiest university in the United States.


Harkness Tower

History

Yale traces its beginnings to "An Act for Liberty to Erect a Collegiate School" passed by the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut and dated October 9, 1701, which was furthered by a meeting in Branford, Connecticut by a group of ten Congregationalist ministers who pooled their books to form the school's first library. The school itself opened in Old Saybrook, Connecticut, but moved to New Haven, Connecticut in 1716, where it remains to this day. The college's original name was the Collegiate School; it was renamed Yale after an early benefactor, Elihu Yale. In the early 20th century, Yale merged with the Sheffield Scientific School.

Schools and libraries

In addition to a respected undergraduate college, Yale is noted for its law school, medical school, and school of music. The Divinity School was founded in the early 19th century by Congregationalists who felt that the Harvard University divinity school had become too liberal.

Yale's library system is among the largest in North America. The main library, Sterling Memorial Library, contains about 4 million volumes. The Beinecke Rare Book Library is housed in a marble building designed by Gordon Bunshaft, of the firm of Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill. Its courtyard sculptures are by Isamu Noguchi.

Other resources include the Peabody Museum of Natural History and a museum of British art.

Yale's sports teams are called the Bulldogs. They participate in the NCAA's Division I (I-AA in football).

Heads of Collegiate School, Yale College, and Yale University

Rectors of Yale College   (birth-death)  (years as rector)
1  Rev. Abraham Pierson    (1641-1707)   (1701-1707) Collegiate School
2  Rev. Samuel Andrew      (   -    )    (1707-1719) (pro tempore)
3  Rev. Timothy Cutler     (   -    )    (1719-1726) 1718/9: renamed Yale College
4  Rev. Elisha William     (1694-1755)   (1726-1739)
5  Rev. Thomas Clap        (1703-1767)   (1740-1745)

Presidents of Yale College (birth-death) (years as president)
1  Rev. Thomas Clap        (1703-1767)   (1745-1766)
2  Rev. Naphtali Daggett   (1727-1780)   (1766-1777) (pro tempore)
3  Rev. Ezra Stiles        (1727-1795)   (1778-1795)
4  Timothy Dwight IV       (1752-1817)   (1795-1817)
5  Jeremiah Day            (1773-1867)   (1817-1846)
6  Theodore Dwight Woolsey (1801-1899)   (1846-1871)
7  Noah Porter III         (1811-1892)   (1871-1886)
8  Timothy Dwight V        (1828-1916)   (1886-1899) 1887: renamed Yale University
9  Arthur Twining Hadley   (1856-1930)   (1899-1921)
10 James Rowland Angell    (1869-1949)   (1921-1937)
11 Charles Seymour         (1885-1963)   (1937-1951)
12 Alfred Whitney Griswold (1906-1963)   (1951-1963)
13 Kingman Brewster, Jr   (1919-1988)   (1963-1977)
14 Hanna Holborn Gray      (1930-    )   (1977-1977) (acting)
15 A. Bartlett Giamatti    (1938-1989)   (1977-1986)
16 Benno C. Schmidt, Jr   (    -    )   (1986-1992)
17 Howard R. Lamar         (    -    )   (1992-1993)
18 Richard C. Levin        (    -    )   (1993-    )

Residential colleges

Yale has a system of twelve residential colleges, instituted in 1930. The system is loosely modelled after the system found in British universities. However, students are accepted by the university as a whole, and assigned to residential colleges at random. These colleges are social rather than academic units, unlike the colleges at
Oxford and Cambridge:
  1. Pierson - named for Yale's first rector, Abraham Pierson
  2. Davenport - named for Rev. John Davenport
  3. Jonathan Edwards - named for theologian Jonathan Edwards (usually called "J.E.")
  4. Branford - named for Branford, Connecticut
  5. Saybrook - named for Old Saybrook, Connecticut
  6. Trumbull - named for Jonathan Trumbull, governor of Connecticut
  7. Berkeley - named for Rev. George Berkeley (1685-1753)
  8. Calhoun - named for John C. Calhoun
  9. Silliman - named for Benjamin Silliman
  10. Timothy Dwight - named for the two Yale presidents of that name, Timothy Dwight IV and Timothy Dwight V (usually called "T.D.")
  11. Ezra Stiles - named for Rev. Ezra Stiles
  12. Morse - named for Samuel Morse

Benefactors

Yale has had many financial supporters, but some stand out by the magnitude of their contributions. Among those who have made large donations commemorated at the university are:

Famous alumni

Law & Politics

Nobel Laureates Technology & Innovation Founders, Entrepreneurs, & CEO's
  • Robert Glaser, (B.A. & M.A.) founder & CEO, RealNetworks
  • Roberto Goizueta, former CEO, Coca-Cola (Emory's business school is named after him)
  • Charles B. Johnson, chairman, Franklin Resources / Franklin Templeton Investments
  • Mitch Kapor, founder & CEO, Lotus computer software company
  • Herbert Kohler, chairman & president, Kohler Co.
  • Clarence King, founder of the US Geological Survey (USGS).
  • Edward Lampert, founder & chairman, ESL Investments
  • John Franklyn Mars, CEO, Mars Inc. (as in Mars & M&M candy)
  • Robert Moses, middle 20th century New York City construction czar.
  • Gifford Pinchot, founder of the US Forest Service
  • Frederick W. Smith, founder & CEO, FederalExpress
  • Richard Thalheimer, founder & CEO of The Sharper Image
  • Juan Trippe, founder & CEO, Pan Am

Academics History, Literature, Art & Music Movies Television
  • Dick Cavett, TV personality
  • Anderson Cooper, CNN anchor of "Anderson Cooper 360"
  • David Duchovny, (M.A. English Literature) actor in the X-files
  • Sara Gilbert, actress, best known for her portrayal as the daughter Darlene Conner on the sit-com Roseanne
  • Leo Laporte, host of "The Screen Savers" on TechTV
  • Chris Noth (MFA), plays "Mr. Big" on "Sex In The City"
  • Stone Phillips, television anchor for NBC
  • Robert Picardo, the holographic doctor on the syndicated Star Trek:Voyager
  • David Hyde Pierce, actor, best known for the character Dr. Niles Crane on Frasier
  • Ben Stein (Law), economist, host of "Win Ben Stein's Money."
  • Ming Tsai, chef on "East Meets West with Ming Tsai"
  • Margaret Warner, Senior Correspondent (co-anchor) on The News Hour with Jim Lehrer, a nationally televised news program broadcast every weekday on PBS.
  • Henry Winkler (MFA), actor, best known for the character Fonzie on Happy Days

Fictional (* attended, but did not graduate from Yale)

Famous On-Campus Tragedies

Yale's high public profile led to three on-campus bombings. On
May 1, 1970, an explosive device was detonated in the Ingalls Rink during events related to the trial of Black Panther Bobby Seale. On June 24, 1993, computer science professor David Gelernter was injured in his office on Hillhouse Avenue by a bomb sent by serial killer and Harvard graduate Ted Kaczynski, aka the Unabomber. On May 21, 2003, an explosive device went off at Yale University's Sterling Law School, damaging two classrooms.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 
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